Микология и фитопатология, 2021, T. 55, № 1, стр. 67-70

MYCOLOGICAL HERITAGE OF JOHANN BUXBAUM. 1. FUNGI DESCRIBED IN THE FIRST “CENTURIA” ISSUE (1728)

I. V. Zmitrovich 1*, A. K. Sytin 1**

1 Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences
197376 St. Petersburg, Russia

* E-mail: iv_zmitrovich@mail.ru
** E-mail: astragalus@mail.ru

Поступила в редакцию 1.09.2020
После доработки 10.10.2020
Принята к публикации 19.11.2020

Аннотация

The mycological heritage of Johann Christian Buxbaum is still little explored, but this issue has not only a great historical interest. In recent taxonomy, there is a tendency to splitting of “linneones” species complexes and in some cases it becomes justified even to appeal to pre-Linnean authors. The corpus of remarkable Buxbaum’s drawings is still waiting for monographs in mycology field. The purpose of opened notices series is draw an attention of mycologists to figures of Buxbaum’s “Centuria”. In the first “Centuria” issue (1728) we can find descriptions and illustrations of five fungal species: 1) Agaricus barbatus flavescens, 2) Agaricus gelatinosus, parte prona erinaceus, 3) Fungus erinaceus parvus in conis Abietis deiectis nascens, 4) Fungus parvus albus deiectis abietis nascens, 5) Lycoperdon magnum globosum, pulpa granulata, radice crassa. The analysis of descriptions and original drawings made it possible to correlate these descriptions with 5 modern agaricomycetes species: Hericium cirrhatum, H. erinaceus, Auriscalpium vulgare, Baeospora myosura, and Lycoperdon excipuliforme. The nomenclature of these taxa is presented and their homogeneity is preliminary estimated in the light of current data.

Keywords: Auriscalpium, agaricomycetes, Baeospora, botanists of the 18th century, drawings of fungi, Hericium, Lycoperdon, morphology, nomenclature

DOI: 10.31857/S0026364821010128

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